The Draft during the Vietnam War (1964-1973)
IV. The Draft during the Vietnam War (1964-1973)
In 1960, 9.3 million American males were between the ages of 18 to 26—the age range targeted by the draft. By 1965, 11 million American men were old enough to serve and by 1970 the number was over 14 million. From 1964 to 1973, there were 53 million young Americans between 18 and 26 years old, but more than half were women and weren’t eligible for the draft. 6,000 women did serve in the military, but not in combat positions. The number of men inducted into the armed services never exceeded 340,000 a year. From 1960 to 1965, an average of 100,000 men were drafted each year. Between 1966 and 1970, 300,000 per year were sent to Southeast Asia. Most of the 27 million men who were eligible to be drafted weren’t sent to war. They received deferments, exemptions, or avoided the draft through illegal means.
 Useem, Michael. 1973. Conscription, Protest, and Social Conflict: The Life and Death of a Draft Resistance Movement. New York: John Wiley and Sons-A Wiley-Interscience Publication. Pg. 77. (Statistics gathered from U.S. House Committee on Armed Services, 1966, 10003)
 Baskir, Lawrence M. and William A. Strauss. 1978. Chance and Circumstance: The Draft, the War, and the Vietnam Generation. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf. Pg. xi