Carpenter, Paul. "Grandson aims to block Jim Thorpe's reburial." The Morning Call. Accessed September 26, 2016.

Cook, Roy. "U.S. Military Changes Role of Women in combat: Native American Women Warriors in History." American Indian Warrior Association. Accessed September 26, 2016.

Miller, Larry. "Nursing soldiers and cultures -- the story of Marcella LeBeau." Black Hills Journal.

Mitchell, Jeffery A. "Rose Blue Thunder."

Ryan Lebeau, Marcella R. "Bio of Marcella R. Ryan LeBeau." The Lakota Women Warriors. Accessed October 24, 2016.

White, Cody. "Minnie Spotted Wolf and the Marine Corps." The National Archives Pieces of History by the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.

Wisdom of the Elders, Inc. "Turtle Island Storyteller Marcella LeBeau." Accessed October 24, 2016.


Bennet, Pamela Diane. Sometimes Freedom Wears a Woman’s Face: American Indian Women Veterans of World War II. University of Arizona, 2012. Graduate dissertation.

Franco, Jere' Bishop. Crossing the Pond: The Native American War Effort in World War II. Denton: University of North Texas Press, 1999.

Meyer, Leisa D. Creating GI Jane: Sexuality and Power in the Women's Army Corps During World War II. Columbia University Press: New York. 1998.

Government Documents

Franklin D. Roosevelt: "Executive Order 9163 Establishing the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps.," May 15, 1942. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project.

U.S. Congress. “Public Law 625: The Women's Armed Services Integration Act of 1948.” June 12, 1948.


Dorothy Davis Dale. Interview by Michael Mihalus, 2001. Dorothy Davis Dale Collection
(AFC/2001/001/60468), Veterans History Project, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Marcella Ryan LeBeau. Interview by Maarja Vigorito, 2004. Marcella Ryan Le Beau Collection
(AFC/2001/001/24202), Veterans History Project, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.


"Evelyn E. Stover." Lakota country Times, August 3, 2011, sec. C, p. 6.

"Grace Thorpe Is In Salt Lake." The Ogden Standard-Examiner, August 27, 1943, sec. A, p. 8.

"Jim Thorpe's Daughter Graduates in WAAC." The Gazette and Daily, July 24, 1943, p. 26.

Kernodle, Margaret. "Indian Maidens Take to War Path." The Courier-Journal, January 9, 194, sec. 2, p. 7.

"Minnie Spotted Wolf Joins the Marines." The Des Moines Register, September 19, 1943, p. 5.

"Mural for Planetarium Painted by Indian Wac." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 9, 1944, p. 13.

Niehaus, Val. "Native Americans in the Military - World War II (1939-45)." Potawatomi Traveling Times 20, no. 16 (February 15, 2015): 1-2.

"Thorpe's Daughter in WAACs." Lansing State Journal, April 10, 1943, p. 1.

"WACs at Work: Pfc George Burns Photographs Women in the Army Ground Forces." from Dr. Kent Blansett's personal collection, p. 20, 21, 53-55.

Obituaries "Grace Thorpe, tribal judge and daughter of Jim Thorpe." Associated September 26, 2016.

Find A Grave. "Dorothy D Dale" Accessed December 2, 2016.

Find A Grave. "Grace Frances Thorpe." Accessed September 26, 2016.

Indian Country News. "Thorpe, Grace: Daughter of Jim Thorpe passes on." Accessed September 26, 2016.


Colorado Experience: Fly Girl . Film. Rocky Mountain PBS, 2013.